Research in MEDICINE and related disciplines
Academic teams in UITM conduct research on cancer prevention. Currently, the research conducted in cooperation with the Medical University of Lviv concentrates on the anticancer potential of newly synthesized thiazolidenedione of in vitro cell culture model. The study is a continuation of cytotoxicity studies of newly synthesized compounds belonging to the group of thiazolidenedionees. The research also concerns analysis of the impact of selected plant extracts on the growth of prostate cancer cells and on the regulation of membrane protein activity impacting the development and survival of cancer cells.
Two big research projects concerning cancer were financed by the Polish National Science Center: Impact of nanoparticles on cancer metastasis – epigenetic mechanisms (2015-2019; in cooperation with Medical University of Poznań) and The expression of complement inhibitors in ovarian and corpus uteri cancers – a new perspective for immunotherapy (2011-2014).
In 2018 the Department of Cosmetology became a beneficiary of the International Academic Partnerships Programme financed by the National Agency for Academic Exchange (NAWA). The aim of the Programme is to develop viable solutions in the area of scientific, implementation and teaching process cooperation, effected within the framework of international academic partnerships. The project entitled “Cosmetic Valley – International Scientific and Implementation Cooperation at the Cosmetology Department” started on the 1st December 2018 and focuses on a search for novel active ingredients for cosmetic formulations among endemic plants native to Kazakhstan and Greece. The results of the project should provide a foundation for the development of a long-lasting cooperation of entities forming a Partnership. Partner institutions of the Programme are The University of Innsbruck (Austria), The Medical University in Almaty (Kazakhstan) and The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greece). The total budget of the project is 968 000,00 PLN.
Due to the fact that UITM is providing education within the course of Cosmetology, many of research projects concern the health-safe use of cosmetics. The currently realized projects include: (1) the use of post-biotics in cosmetic formulations, (2) the assessment of properties of extracts and bioactive substances obtained from plants as well as determination of its possibility to application to the different types of cosmetics, (3) the potential application of furanocoumarines compounds (including imperatorin) as an innovative raw material with biological activities. These research also have an application side and their result are the development of methods used to obtaining the desired extracts from selected plant material, development of bioactive compounds isolation methods, assessment of the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of extracts, physicochemical characterization, determination of irritant potential of extracts as well as determination of the effect of obtained extracts on fibroblast survival. In regard to this research, there are produced a series of cosmetic preparations, with a highly content of compounds with significant and positive bioactive effect.
In 2017 the Centre of Implementation and Service was established at the UITM as a unit strictly cooperating with the Chair of Cosmetology. A goal of the Centre is to implement research results in creating innovative dermocosmetics featured with high, health-promoting biological activity. The Centre also provides a wide range of services connected to a design and introduction of healthy cosmetics to market. The Centre offers its clients a full service in a process of a creation and introduction of cosmetics to market: from a creation of a recipe to a preparation of prototypes of cosmetics, working out of safety reports, notification of products to a surveillance over manufacturing process.
Two faculties from the Faculty of UITM was awarded with fellowships of Minister of Science and Higher Education for distinguished young scientists.
Research results of UITM’s teams in medicine and related areas were published e.g. in: PARTICLE AND FIBRE TOXICOLOGY, JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS, NANOTOXICOLOGY, PLoS COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, TOXICOLOGY AND APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY, Nanoscale, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, CHEMICO-BIOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS, MOLECULES.
Research are conducted in the UITM’s laboratories: Laboratory of Cell and Tissue Culture, Laboratory of Immunology and Biochemistry, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Laboratory of Biochemistry, Toxicology and Clinical Genetics, Laboratory of Cosmetic Chemistry.
Research in INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Research teams from the UITM are involved either in basic or applied research. Currently, two big projects, financed by Polish National Science Center, are implemented:
1) A new approach for effective training of complex intelligent systems (2016-2019)
Successful results of the project can solve many scientific and practical problems by replacing the traditional project approach with a new learning-based approach. This alternative method may have a wider meaning, allowing to find solutions to many problems that until now were impossible to solve by traditional methods.
2) Developing of effective mechanisms for robot perception using motivated learning and self-organizing associative memory (2017-2020)
The main objective of the research is to develop new effective perceptual mechanisms using generalized idea of motivated learning (ML), and new mechanisms for associative learning and inference. In order to use perception to acquire knowledge by interacting with the environment, the associative object recognition and scene representation system, supported by activities of a robot, will be refined. A test an innovative visual and acoustic perception system for a robot, based on the mechanisms of episodic memory, will be built.
In cooperation with Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Centre (Polish Academy of Science) and Emerline Ltd. the UITM conducts currently two other projects, financed by the EU funds within Regional Operational Program of Mazovia Region:
1) IVA service platform of virtual voice agents for emergency call hotlines automation (2017-2018)
The project aimed at creating the specialized system – Intelligent Virtual Agent – that applies speech recognition technology in dialogue process automation for emergency call hotlines.
2) Automatic Intelligent Customer Service System “AISOK” using speech recognition, voice biometrics and “Big-Data” data analysis (2018-2020)
The project is funded by PGNiG Polish Oil and Gas Minig and National Centre of Research and Development. The aim of the project is to develop and prepare for the implementation of the prototype of the Automatic Intelligent Customer Service System for PGNiG hotlines, using innovative mechanisms for speech recognition, voice biometry and artificial intelligence. Moreover, UITM is the leader of the project entitled “Digital solutions for automatic skin cancer diagnosis” (DigiSkinDia), which is implemented with two German partners (Technical University of Ilmenau and JenLab, the IT company) within the framework of the “German – Polish Joint Initiative for Bilateral R&D Cooperation in the field of Digitization of the Economy” (managed by the Polish National Center for Research and Development, NCBiR). The expected result of this research project will be a digital decision-support system for dermatologists, ensuring objective, reliable and user-independent diagnosis of skin cancer.
In a period of 2013-2016 researchers from UITM participated in a reseach project financed by the 7th EU Framework Programme, coordinated by University of West England: Physarum Chip: Growing Computers from Slime Mould. The main objectives are to design and fabricate a distributed biomorphic computing device built and operated by slime mould Physarum polycephalum.
Research results gained by UITM’s academics from the project Intelligent nonlinear systems with shallow and deep architectures were pointed by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education as one of the most important achievements of Polish scientists in 2016.
Research results of UITM’s teams in Information Technology were published e.g. in: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS AND LEARNING SYSTEMS, INFORMATION SCIENCES, JOURNAL OF BUSINESS VENTURING, IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, ENTROPY, MEASUREMENT SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY.
ECONOMICS AND FINANCE and related disciplines
Research in this field focuses mainly on labour market, entrepreneurship, public finance and financialization. Interesting research on a link between educational programmes and labour markets are conducted within the project Horizontal educational mismatch – a new method of measurement with application to Poland (2017-2019), financed by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education under “Dialog” program. The project aims at analyzing the horizontal educational mismatch between potential job seekers’ traits and firms’ demand for new workers (vacancies), i.e.: field of education, qualification and competence mismatch at unprecedented levels in Poland. The project concentrates on testing and systematizing a new approach of measuring educational mismatch. The research may be extended to analyse various structural mismatches in other countries. Expected results will be recommendations to education and labour market policy.
Support for entrepreneurship by the local government at the communal level was a field of research financed in 2014-2016 by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education. The project explored answers to the following question: to which extent and how the local authorities may stimulate and support entrepreneurship understood as new firms’ formation. The results emerging from the studies suggest that it is the local social capacity to selforganise, which appears to be the key factor in entrepreneurship. In that sense, project’s findings go back a long way to one of the founding fathers of sociology, Alexis de Toqueville, who understood well that strong citizens with capacity for independent thinking and for independent action are also representing business culture that results in entrepreneurship and in economic dynamism. In turn, when local authorities support independent citizens’ organisations and economic organizations, they are also creating conditions conducive for entrepreneurship. Economic-value-creating activities are enhanced by local cooperation, and local cooperation (‘social capital’) is transferable from the social to the economic sphere. One important aspect of this cooperation relates to economic clusters, which also leads to questions on smart specialisation policies that is building on the existing local economic potential, instead of imposing blueprints from above.
A leading research topic in finance is Interrelations between a development of a financial sector and economic growth in Polish regions (2017-2018). The project, financed by the Polish National Science Centre, focuses on possibilities of applying results from research of regions on a national level.
Faculties specialized in finance and law conduct a research project Analysis of institutional frameworks of loan firms in Poland and other selected countries. The research aims at assessment of economic effects of operations of loan firms and banks within currently existing institutional and legal national and European restraints.
UITM organized two international conferences titled: Financialization. New Trends and Directions of Development (2015,2017). Conferences gathered representatives of many distinguished academic communities (e.g. University of London, University of Leeds, University of Siena, Universite de Fribourg, University of Buffalo, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Lomonosov Moscow State University). The next edition of the Financialization conference is planned for 2019 in Rzeszow. UITM is an editor of an economic and financial journal: e-Finance. Financial Internet Quaterly (https://e-finanse.com/). This is a peer reviewed journal that welcomes contributions in English, from academics from international community.
In 2018 academics from UITM initiated an umbrella project Mediatization as a leading process in modern world. The basis for the research under this project is a conviction that current media (specially so called “new media”) enables multilayer, global, interactive, space- and time- compressed transfer of any contents addressed to a global audience. New media reconfigure and diversify all the process of a transfer of information from a sender/creator to a recipient and the change key features of media texts. In new media information is digitalized and standardized what enables a free copying and transfer between various types of recipients. A theory of mediatization became a basis for introducing a following individual research projects: 1) Media competences of young people: from fact to mythologization, 2) Social aspects of vigilantism in the Internet, 3) Conditions for consuming media – research on media and their users, 4) Mediatization of religion and building a community, 5) Mediatization of discrimination, 6) New media and public sphere – activities of local governments for civic involvement, 7) Perception of media communications from loan companies by their clients, 8) Ethical aspects of neuronal interfaces (computer-brain communication). UITM is an editor of “Social Communication. Online Journal” (http://socialcommunication.edu.pl/) which is a scientific blind peer reviewed journal, focusing on communication and media, new media, cultural studies, social sciences, public relations, visual and marketing communication. The journal welcomes contributions in English, from academics from international community.
POLITICAL SCIENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Multidisciplinary team of social scientists started the project Foreign scientists in Poland: incentives, life trajectories and scientific potential, financed from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education under the programme Dialog (2017-2019). The project focuses on analyzing cultural and institutional practices and foreign scientists living and working in Poland. Research aims at explaining relations with migrants’ biography and ethnical and family practices of highly qualified specialists and a development of institutional scientific life in Poland.
A group of researchers from UITM is engaged in a network project Administrative Silence in European Legal-Administrative Framework conducted within a framework of European Public Administration Group. The research focuses on an identification of a national model instruments of normative and non-normative reactions to administrative silence aiming at elimination of negative consequences of administrative silence. The project covers also research on social and cultural context of administrative silence.
A developing field of research is: Social, political and legal aspects of colonization of Mars. The project engaging representatives of many social sciences focuse on following questions: what kind of social organization will be developed by the future Mars colony? Which type of society could be the best option? – Which norms and values will be developed by the Martians? What about the natural human tendency to aggression, conflict and, at least, to strong competition? What will be the attitude of the Martians towards the Earth? UITM is also an editor of Studia Humana (www.studiahumana.com): a multi-disciplinary peer reviewed journal publishing valuable contributions on any aspect of human sciences such as analytic philosophy, political science, political economy, sociology. The main objective of the journal is to study changes and their underlying mechanisms in modern societies, through the analysis of the institutions that remain most hidden from the public eye.
Research results of UITM’s teams in social sciences were published e.g. in: JOURNAL OF BUSINESS VENTURING, ZYGON, INTERNATIONAL SMALL BUSINESS JOURNAL, INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL REVIEW, JOURNAL OF WORLD BUSINESS, ENTROPY, PHYSIOLOGY & BEHAVIOR, ACTA ASTRONAUTICA, FUTURES.